Violin Information

Trade Instruments

 

Violin Trade Names and Trade Instruments - some of these instruments are named after the sellers, but the vast majority are completely made up names, with no maker of instruments ever having had those names. Some of these are pseudonyms that were used by makers for their own hand made instruments and they are still hand made by a specific maker.  I have no idea why someone would not use their real name but that was their choice and I include them here for reference. Most of the "trade violins" (instruments made in a factory setting to be exported and sold by those in the trade of selling violins), were primarily made from the 1870's - 1930's.  These instruments were mostly made in Germany, Czechoslovakia or France, but some other countries also produced instruments. They were primarily assembly line constructed instruments where one worker may have made tops and another backs, and so forth. Some of these workshops also produced un-varnished instruments that were sold to violin makers and shops to produce a specific look. Roth and Lederer, early E. H. Roth, was one such supplier in Markneukirchen. 

Some of the Trade Name instruments can be very nice, like the Roth firms instruments or some of the JTL ones, while many Trade Instruments are very poorly made and have little to no value today. This is no different from the quality of today's trade instruments, some are very nice and others are throw aways. The vast majority of Trade Instruments were simply labeled with a facsimile (copied) label of a famous maker like Stradivari, Amati, Guarneri and many others. It has been estimated that over 5 million of these "trade instruments" were made during this time period. The only way to know the value of your instrument is to have it seen in person at a violin shop or an appraiser associated with a musical instrument auction house.

I have not included very many of the large number of modern Trade Instrument brand names as that list changes daily. Those that I have included have some dates, but I won't be putting end dates. Just like in the past, today there are hundreds or thousands of brands of instruments made with fake names like: Cremona, Mendini, Cecilio, Romano and Florea. many of the models are in my opinion absolutely awful, while many models from companies such as Eastman, Gliga, and Hoffman can be decent or even very nice.  These instruments come from all over the globe with many being made in China, Romania, Korea and other places even though they may have German or Italian sounding names - just look on Ebay or Amazon and you will see a good number of these modern trade instruments.  Some of these, especially those sold at violin shops, can be very nice and when talking about beginner level instruments, they are what you would want.  Care must be taken not to go too cheap when purchasing a beginner instrument, like some of the aforementioned on-line instruments, or the quality will simply be awful, not to mention the sound.

You will notice below that the firm of Jerome Thibouville Lamy (J.T.L), from Mirecourt France, had many, many models, they are reported to have had 1000 workers and an annual output of over 150,000 instruments for a number of years.  These instruments are very plentiful and some can be very nice. 

You may see a few instruments listed labeled as being made in Mittenwald Ge. However, the makers in Mittenwald were and are for the most part small mom and pop shops rather than the German factories of Markneukirchen, Bubenreuth and Dresden. If you were to make a trip to Mittenwald, this will be obvious from this small sleepy town of cottages.  A couple of larger more commercial ventures there (today), like the Leonhardt Workshop, are higher grade instruments than most of the trade instruments.

This list is based on 40 years worth of seeing thousands and thousands of instruments and is an ongoing work and by no means meant to be all encompassing, there are probably 5 to 10 times this number that I have not seen or heard of. In addition to my personal experience, I have collected data from very trusted sources, such as the Henley Dictionary of Violin and Bow Makers. I am always finding out new information as well discovering another brand that I had not seen or heard of before. This list is not meant to be all-inclusive and does not include much information about these factories or brand names, but rather is provided to help people identify factory instruments over ones that were hand made by an actual specific individual maker. Most of this information is out there already but in bits and pieces and difficult to find. In most cases, especially those that are simply labeled with the name of a famous maker such as Antonio Stradivari, the actual factory that made it will never be known and in reality is not all that important. After all it is the quality of work and sound at this level that is of most importance, not exactly where it was made. I have also tried to be as accurate as possible, but mistakes can happen and when new information is discovered, I will update the list.

I am not including any value ranges on these as that will change over time and would be impossible to maintain such a list.  In addition, many of the brand names had numerous quality levels.  It is impossible to give a value without an actual in person evaluation, for the most part, these instruments will be valued in the under $2000 range. As always, the only real way to get a value on an instrument is to take to be seen in person at a violin shop or musical instrument auction house. There are exceptions like with the Roth instruments with some models that can be valued up to about $10,000 depending on the model and as always the condition and sound will affect the value.

Adamsen, P. P. -  Danish - Frykilde 1866, Copenhagen 1908

Adler, Adolf - Dresden Ge. 1920 - several models - Imported by Fred C Meyer, Philadelphia

Aeono - Dresden Ge. - for F. J. Koch - 1915 to 1922  The wood was pre-treated by a 'secret process'.

Aine, D. Nicolas - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L. 

Alberi, Carlo - Buegeleisen and Jacobson (New York) early 1900's - often without purfling or painted purfling

Albert, John - John C Haynes Co. - circa 1890

Aldric, Nicolas - French - made for Beare and Son London c.1925

Alexendra - Markneukirchen Ge. - Heinrich Alexander - 1920

Allegro - 1945, USA, Philadelphia, PA, Tradename for bows made in J.S. Finkel workshop.  

Altricher, Julius - Frankfurt-on-Oder Ge. 1868 to 1935   

Amatius, Nicolaus - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L - 1855 to 1890 

America Era - late teens to early 1920's - US - around 20 different models - sold by Hyon and Healy, Chicago during WWI when German instruments were unavailable.
 
Amateur - Conn - 1927 
 
Andre and Co. - Hackney London 1885
 
Apollo and Artist Apollo - Germany and France - for  Rushworth and Draper in Liverpool UK - c.1910 to 1920 - several models each

Arcadia - England 1990  to  2000 for Stentor

Ardeton - Liverpool England for Rushworth and Dreaper - early 1922-1943  (made by Richard Williams, George Hemmings and Frank Fallowfield.) 146 are known to have been made, including a few violas and cellos. Same varnish as the Apollo instruments.

Artcraft Violins - Tyrone PA, USA - handmade in house, good quality 1928

Artex - Czechoslovak Musical Instrument Co. (Metropolitan Music) - 1930 

Artist,The and Artist Solo - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L. - 1920 - others as well

Artistic - China, Guangzhhou - 1990 by Guangzhou Cremona Violin Co.

Artisto - Mirecourt Fr. - Fiat Musica 1880 to 1930 for Lyon and Healy. also Aug Franz Artisto bows

Artmann, Johann - Berlin Germany - early 1900's - imported by J. W. Pepper, Philadelphia PA - (named after a known maker from the 1700's - Johan Artman)    

Artiste d Apres - Mirecourt Fr.  - J.T.L.                                                               

Aubry, Joseph - Mirecourt Fr. J.T.Lg

August - Boston -1900 to 1910 - sold by Elias Howe, Boston

Aurora -  Czechoslovak Musical Instrument Co. (Metropolitan Music) - 1930 

Baader, J.A. - Mittenwald factory in the early 1900's although the firm name goes back to the late 1700's. brand M.B. with a double circle.  These were sold by the Wurlitzer violin company and there were 7 different models including a Cremona.

Bachman, Anton - German - 1880-1920 

Bachman, Joseph - Fussen Germany - early 1900's - imported by J. W. Pepper, Philadelphia PA

Bailly, Paul - Paris - late 1800's - for Elias Howe, Boston

Ballarini, Pietro - Florence It. - 1884-1914

Banks, Fredeking -  Huntington West Virginia US 1920-1926

Barard - Mirecourt Fr. - Charles Bailly - c. 1920

Barbe - Mirecourt Fr. - 1910

Bargazo, Francesco                                                                                            

Barmen, Ludwig - Berlin Ge. - early 1900's - J. W. Pepper, Philadelphia PA

Barnabetti, Geronimo – J.T.L. Mirecourt Fr. - 1890 to 1930

Barrel, d'apres A. Stradivarius -  J.T.L. - Paris, Mirecourt Fr. - c. 1930

Barzoni, Francois - Chateau-Thierry, France - for Beare and Son London and Elias Howe, Boston - 1880 to 1920

Bassiot, Joseph -  for Beare and Son - London  

Bausch (bows) - German factory, late 1800's - early 1900's some better than others, mostly Brazilwood, a few better Pernambuco sticks 

Bazar - Mirecourt Fr. - J T L - 1900 to 1930

Beau Ideal - J. R. Holcomb - 1901 

Becani, Stephano - Mantova It. - 1890

Becchini, Renzo - 1990 to 1995 - Renzo died in 1952, but the name has been used by others in the 1990's.

Becker, Antoine - Paris Fr. - probably by J.T.L - c 1890 to 1900

Bee, Archie - sold Markneukirchen made instruments under his name - late 1800's

Beltrami, Giuseppe - Cremona It. - name used for commercial instruments by Aristide Cavalli in the 1920's, actual maker by that name in the mid 1800's

Bennettini - French - Bennett and Bennett in London - 1880 to 1900

Bentze, Ignatio - probably German and used by Johann Georg Lippold

Berard, L. - Mirecourt Fr. - trade mark of Charles Bailly

Berazoni, Francois - Mirecourt Fr. good Bergonzi copies 

Berini, Marcus – for Beare and Son (London) - c1920 (also bows stamped Berini)

Bernadel, Rene - Mirecourt Fr. for L'Industrie musicale 

Bernhardt, Nicolas - German - c. 1900

Bertholini, Nicolas  -  Mirecourt - 1920's - low grade commercial instruments

Nicolas Bertolini - Mirecourt - 1890 to 1910 - JTL - decent handmade instruments not to be confused with the cheap Bertholini Mirecourt factory fiddles - some of these had the 5-ply purfling.

Bertolotti bows - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L.

Bertoni

Besd - 1990 -  China, Guangzhou City, Tradename for student instruments made by Long March Violin Factory.

Betts, Henry - Saxony Ge. - 1890 to 1910 - labelled and/or branded "Henry Betts, Royal Exchange"

Beyer, Hermann - Berlin Ge. - probably made for Roth c. 1930

Beyer, Neumann - Markneukirchen Ge. - 1960 to 1975

Bienfait Violins (and bows) - made for Haynes & Co. London - 1895 to 1907

Bijou, Vstad - India - 1920

Blaise, H. - Mirecourt Fr. - possibly for Cousenon Bernardel - 1900 to 1930

Bochard and Carradori - Paris Fr. - 1925

Boecher, Wilhelm

Bohm, Wilhelm - Silberbach Cz. - 1920 - 4 grades of violins

Bohmann, Joseph - Chicago factory circa 1880, won awards

Borelli, Andreas - Mirecourt Fr. - 1900 - J.T.L and/or Paul Mangenot (also the name of an actual maker in Italy from the late 1700's

Borelli, Carlo - Saxony Ge. - 1850

Bourdet, Antoine (Antoni) - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L - 1900 to 1930  

Branzoli, Giuseppe - Mirecourt Fr. - c. 1910

Breitman, Jacob

Breton – Mirecourt Fr. - many makers incl. Maison Laberte and J.T.L. - 1830 to 1950 - JTL ones usually branded, with a star on each side. There are also some actual makers named Breton.

Bretton - German - 1900 - often branded below the button BRETTON or BRETTON VIOLINS (in a oval). Below average trade instruments   

Bruckman, Otto - Roth

Bruno, Antonio - London - trade name used by Anthony Brown - 1850-1880

Bruno, C. and Son - New York USA - 1884-1924 (Bruno Artist Violins)

Burlington, The - 1900 -  Known only from a 1992 auction sale of a 1900 cello.

Buthod, "various first names" - 1900-1920 - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L. - for Charles Louis Buthod

Cano -  1885 to 1892 - marked on back "Cano Suavita Canora" (sound pleasantly harmonious) 

Cappa, Pietro

Cappa, Sebastian - 1890 - Mittenwald(?) Ge. - label with German style lettering - Tyrol  

Cardinal - J. W.  Jenkins  - 1922

Carlisle, JR - 1900 to 1940's - Ohio USA -  Worked for a short time for Wurlitzer and sold some violins to Sears -Production continued after Carlisle’s retirement. About 500 instruments bear his label, but only about 75 are fine handmade quality. 

Carrodus - Mirecourt Fr. - for Haynes and Co. London - 1850 to 1910 - also Tourte model bows

Caspar da Salo (of the town of Salo) - German - 1880 to 1920 - common fakes imported by many firms, the real makers name was Gasparo, he didn't date his instruments like the many fakes. He also spelled his name with an f instead of an s, thus reading Gafparo

Cellier - 1840 to 1864 - Hamburg Ge. - workshops of K. or F. Cellier - possibly made in Mirecourt or Markneukirchen 

Ceruti, Giovanni Maria - Aristide Cavalli in Cremona - 1920

Chadwick, William - London  - 1900 to 1920 - Made in Germany - sold through Sears - stamped on back of scroll "Chadwick Violin" or "Chadwick of London Violin"                                                                                    

Chappine - Mirecourt Fr. - old looking but c. 1900

Circeron, Le - Mirecourt Fr. - J. T. L.

Claudet, Nicolas -  Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L.

Claxton, Thomas - 1868 to 1912 - Toronto CA

Clay, Sherman and Co. - 1870 to 2013 - San Francisco - importer of lots of different musical instruments, later primarily pianos -  German Violins circa 1920 - labels typically only stated S. C. & C and S. F. 

Clotelle, H -  Mirecourt Fr. - c.1890 - Laberte-Humbert factory

 Clotelle L

Colin, J. B.(Jean Baptiste) - 1890 - Mirecourt Fr. - Laberte workshop - some are replicas of Collin Mezin - label Lutherie Artistique J.B.C  

Collette, Jean - 1930 - Mirecourt Fr.                                        

Compagnon - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L. - 1900 to 1930

Concerto - J. R. Holcomb - 1901 

Conn, C. G. - 1986 to mid 20's, USA, Elkhart, IN, Large factory - once made many violins, now brass specialists. Best violins are 'The Symphony', 'The Wonder' and 'The Virtuoso'.

Connoisseur -  1901 - J. R. Holcomb

Conservatory - many different factories including M. Slater - 1915 

Conturier - French 

Copere, Thouvener - French 

Coppo, R - early 1900's - Naples or Catania Italy

Joseph Corretelli - German - early 1900's - labeled as from Pedrona Italy and made for Willaim Lewis - 

Cosmopolite - Canada, London - 1906 to 1928 - See entry for Solomons, Morris H.

Couturieux - Mirecourt Fr. - 1880 

Cremona - 1. Luby, Czech Republic - 1948 to ?   2. Chinese - 1990 to -   3. Wurlitzer - 1920 - French - Amedee Dieudonne Workshop

Cremona Solo - Wurlitzer import with a Logo on left side of the label with the capital W with a backwards R on the left and a B on the right  - 1913 to 1918 - Japan during WWI  

Cremonatone - Chicago, USA - for Lyon and Healy - 1890 to 1930

Cremonese - by Laurent in Brussels for Lyon and Healy Chicago c. 1900

Curatoli, Antonio - Markneukirchen Ge. - possibly made by the E R Schmidt firm - sold by Sears and other retailers - 1900 to 1920 - some very decent others average

Cyrano, Marcel - early 1900's - Mirecourt Fr. -  name used by Georges Apparut 

Daber, J. F. - 1981 - France, Lyons, Brand of good quality bows produced by J.F. Schmitt Co.

Dass - London - several firms used this label

DeLaune, Nicolas, 1981 - France, Lyons, Brand of student quality bows produced by J.F. Schmitt Co.

Deichsel, Adolf - Berlin Ge. - 1908 to 1926 

Denis, H. - 1930 - Mirecourt Fr. - Laberte Humbert factory 

Denizot - Mirecourt Fr. - 1820's - Denizot was a dealer. Name also appears in many trade violins.

Depose - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L.

Dick, Heinrich Hermann - Markneukirchen Ge. - 1908 to 1925 - commercial bows stamped: Tourte, Bausch, Dodd,  H. H. Dick, H. H. D., Ges, Gesch No122 and his "Vulcan" bow stamped D.R.G.M. 371020  

Didelot, J. - 1920's, - France, Mirecourt - Tradename used by Laberte & Magnie.

Diehl, Albert  

Dietrich, William - Leipzig Ge. - 1884 -  

Ditson, Oliver - Boston importer of instruments and general music dealer. Imported German instruments from the Heberlein shop in the 1920's. A number of different models including an Amati with far set in purfling, narrow corners with a narrow white center, typical of Markneukirchen region.   

Dolling, Max - 1888 to 1929 - Markneukirchen Ge.  

Doetsch, Rudolf - 1970's to... - Trade name created by William Weaver of Weaver's Violin. Throughout the 20th Century, they were German manufactured violins (mostly by Hofner), that were imported, then re-graduated and varnished in house in a red-brown shade with antiquing. In the early 2000's, the name was sold to Eastman strings where similar work is now performed although the origins of the white instruments is unknown by this author. They no longer have the thin Shellac (spirit) varnish that was applied by Mr. Weaver and witnessed by this author. IMHO, the sound of the Weaver Doetsch instruments was better and the look and varnish of the Eastman ones is better.  

Doss & Heidegger - 1879 to 1885 - Germany, Hamburg, Tradename used by the Heinrich Schluter factory.                                                                    

Dracontius  – Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L. - 1920

Dressel, Johann
 
Duerer, Wilhelm - Saxony Ge. - 1900 to 1930 - imported by J. W. Pepper - some of these are very nice
 
Dugarde, Aubrey - 1921 - Paris                                          

Duchene, Nicolas – Mirecourt. Fr. - J.T.L. - 1900 - Also Paris1930 - Branded "A la Ville de Padoue Nicolas Duchene"

Dulcis et Fortis  –  Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L. 1900  to 1930

Dupree, Emile, 1990 - Germany (bows) 

Dupree, Emile - Czechoslovak Musical Instrument Co. (Metropolitan Music) - 1930 

Durenzy, Adolf - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L - 1920's

Durer - 1925 - Bohemia - Bows by Geipel 

Durro, Salvador de - German circa 1900 to 1930, imported by Buegeleisen & Jacobson Co. NY. - Many different models, the nice ones very nice, the cheapest ones pressed wood.

Durrschmidt, Wilhelm - Markneukirchen Ge. c. 1900-1930

Eastman Strings - 1990's to .... - Chinese manufacturer of quality string instruments in all quality levels, the higher the number the better the quality, VL80, VL100, VL20.... _ Eastman Strings is the current owner/producer of the Doetsch, Nebel and Klier brand names originally created by William Weaver in the USA.   

El Maestro, – Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L. - 1900-1930, France

Elsler, Albert  

Elusia - 1990 - England, Reigate - Stentor

Enrico - 1990 - China, Guangzhou City - Long March Violin Factory.              

Epoch  -1990 - Australia, Southport

Erbl, Franz -

Eroica - 1900-1910

Eschenbach, Curt 

Eureka  - 1910 to 1930, USA, Chicago, IL, Lyon & Healy    

Excelsior - 1900 to 1930 - France, Paris - JTL. Also used by Alfred Moritz

F.A.G. - brand of F. A. Glaesel 

Farni (Farny), Henri - 1900-1915 - USA, New York, NY - Wurlitzer -  Probably French trade instruments - better quality

Ferber - 1920's - Spirit Varnish 

Ferelli, V. J. - 1910 to 1940 - France, Mirecourt - Laberte & Magnie

Ferrari, Angelo - 1900 - Germany

Fichtel, Carl  

Ficker, Gustav August - cousin of  E. H. Roth and started firm with him in 1902 - name used in many models of instruments from the Roth firm from the 1920's through the early 1960's.

Fida, A                                                                                    

Fieldler, Hermann 

Finte - 1730 to 1745 - French - low quality Mirecourt work

Fiorini, Andrea - Mirecourt for Beare and Son London c 1920 

Fiorini, Paolo - Mirecourt for Beare and Son London c. 1920 - Also 1923 - Italy, Turin

Florentina - Carl Fisher NY - 1929 - quality trade instruments

Fourier-Magnie  or G. Fourier - Laberte factory Mirecourt Fr.- 1880 to 1921

Fournier, G. - 1880 - France, Mirecourt

Franck, Reiner  -  Schonbach, Mainz, Hamburg and Leipzig factories c. 1920

Frand, August

Fricot, Louis - Mirecourt Fr. - .J.T.L.

Fredeking Banks  - 1920-1926, USA, Huntington, WV

Fromonte, E. - 1890 - France, Mirecourt - Large bodied violins

Gagliano, Raphael -

Gala, The - 1924 - USA, New York, NY - F.M. Ashley

Garini, Michele-Ange - Mirecourt Fr. J.T.L. - 1900-1930

Garnier, L. - Mirecourt Fr. 1920 trade mark of Charles Bailly

Garrett, Hans

Gedler, Peter  

Geipel, Richard -   Czechoslovak Musical Instrument Co. (Metropolitan Music) - 1930                                                                                

Geisenhof, August                                                                           

Geisler, Frederick - Saxony Germany - early 1900's - exclusive label for Fred C Meyer - Philadelphia Pa, USA

Gem, The  -, 1924 - USA, New York, NY - for F.M. Ashley

Genaro, Leonardo -  1920's - German -  imported by Peate's music house in Utica NY. It is a high-end commercial instrument, but it is not Italian.

Genin, Louis, 1899 -1904, France, Mirecourt, - labeled  "Lutherie Moderne / Louis Genin Luthier/ No.-Date. 

Gerard, J. P., - 1920 - France, Mirecourt, Trade bows, factory made.

Giacinti, Celeste - 1900 - Milan factory 

Gibson Inc. - 1937 - present - USA, Kalamazoo, MI, The great guitar factory made violins, violas, cellos, and double basses for this short time.

Gill, Heinrich, 1952- present - Germany, Bubenreuth, A large producer of student instruments. Bernd Dimbath bought the Heinrich Gill company in 1990.

Giordano, Antonio, 1900 -1910, Germany

Glaesel and Herwig - 1867-1886 - Markneukirchen - many different qualities

Glaesel and Mossner - 1873 - Markneukirchen - many models: Artist, Conservatory, Grand Concert, Grand Solo, Imperial, Paganini.  Shield with model name on back of scroll.  Some with carved heads or or portraits on back.  Trade bows stamped "Tourte" or others. Some labels have G & M logo which is an eight pointed star with G&M in the center.

Glasel, Frederick                                                                              

Glass, Johann                                                                                 

Glasser  - 1937 - present -  USA, Bronx, NY - Large producer of bows. All wood until 1956, then mostly fiberglass. Over 500,000 made before 1956!

Glassl, Egid - 1920 - Komotau Bohemia - many grades

Glier, AUgust Clemens - 1925 - Markneukirchen, many grades 

Goetz, Heinrich   

Golden  -, 1995 -  China, Luoyang -  Luoyang Golden Musical Instrument Co.,Ltd.

Golden Tone  - 1969 -  USA, Jacksonville Beach, FL. -  Patented a metal bodied violin, with wood neck.

Gotz, Josef 1922 - Fleissen and Brambach                     

Gouband, Alcide -                                                                                   

Goulding - dealer in London c. 1785-1834 - name branded under button

Gouvernel, Pierre - 1920-1930 - France, Paris  - JTL 

Grabig, Alban - 1896 - Germany - Voigtland factory instruments

Gran, Geng -  

Grandini, Geronimo -1900-1920 - France, Mirecourt - JTL - "Virtuose" model made by sons

Grandini, Ecole - 1900-1930 - France, Paris - JTL

Grand Rapids Violin Co. - Michigan USA - 1920's 

Gras, Charles - 1919 to 1925 - Paris 

Green Mountain Violin Co. - Vermont USA - 1920 to 1925 - Art Craft model very nice 

Gros-tone -, 1936 - Germany - "Old Master Reproduction" 

Gruhier, C. Pierre - 1925 - Mirecourt - decent quality

Grumet, Alphonse - 1890 to 1920 - Mirecourt 

Gruilli, Eduardo Pietro - Markneukirchen or Dresden Ge. - c.1920.

Guardelli  - 1997-2005 - Czechoslovakia, Bratislava, Tradename used by SVS Tonewoods Co.

Guarneri, Joseph (Josef) - 1800 to present - millions of copies from France, Germany, Czechoslovakia and more - see label page for more info If the name is spelled Joseph or Josef, it is a trade instrument.

Guillmont, Francois - 1920-1925 - Germany, Aachen - Labelled as from Aix la Chappelle. Generally considered to be trade violins made to look and appear French. Possibly made by E.R Schmidt?

Guldan, Jackson - 1920-1961 - USA, Columbus, OH

Gwartney, Henry - 1920's to 1970's - USA - Violin maker and repairman who also inserted his shop label in many instruments that he repaired and sold.

Hamm, Alex

Harmonik - 1890 to 1810 - Germany - Tresingen, Factory

Harmony - Chicago Il. US - 1908-1925

Harwood - J. W. Jenkins - 1922 

Hausner, Erich  - German 1980's to 1990's 

Havelar, Johannes Baptist - Wein Austria - 1920-1930         

Heberlein, G.F.

Heberline, Heinrich Theodore, Markenukirchen Ge., c.1921  (have never seen any dated other than 1921 but some are obviously pre-dated) - Carl Fischer

Hemming, Oscar

Hendel - 1987 to 2009 - Erlangen Germany - A large company producing white and varnished instruments to the industry.   

Henning, Anton   

Henri, T. - 1900 - Germany - name used by bow maker A.F. Hermann.

Heralto - 1875, Germany, Markneukirchen - Brand name used by Karl Albert      

Heralto -

Hermann, Karl - Markneukirchen, Ge. -  1920 - Also labeled Andreas Morelli - Imported by Czechoslovak Musical Instruments         

Hidalgo - Haynes and Co. London England - 1854-1910

Hildago -, 1900 to 1930 - France, Paris - JTL

Hire Tone - 1995 - 2005 - England, Tetbury -Tradename used by Daniel Bristow   

Hoening, Leopold -

Hofer Geigen - Andreas Preller in Hof/Geroldsgrun Bavaria - 1870 to 1909

Hoffmann, Bruno - 1920 - 1930 - Germany, Markneukirchen

Hoffmann, Johann                                                                               

Hoffmann, Rudolph                                                                            

Hopf - there were at least 26 different actual Hopf violin makers, and many, many thousands of factory instruments that were just labeled or stamped Hopf. The Hopf trade instruments circa 1875-1940 - Germany/Czechoslovokia -  The name 'HOPF' is found on many, many trade violins. (stamped on button) They should not be quickly taken as genuine Hopf instruments. As usual, see your luthier.

Hornsteiner, Jacobus - sold by Scherl and Roth circa 1920? to 1980's although I found a registration for the name dated 1952. The label has a Griffin pictured on it.

Howe, Elias 

Hoyer, Robert - Czechoslovak Musical Instrument Co. (Metropolitan Music) - 1930                                                                                     

Huff, Adelbert                                                                                    

Huril, Jacob - low grade trade instruments using name of good maker

Hyde, A - John C Haynes Co. - circa 1890 

Imperial - early 1900's - German and Japanese - several models - low to very decent quality - German ones often embellished on back of scroll with carving/branding, I have not seen any Japanese ones with the engraved scroll - many importers - No German imports during WWI, hence the Japanese ones. 

J. T. L.- Jerome Thibouville Lamy (French Factory, made over 1 Million instruments between 1860-1930) more info Ones with a simple Lyre and rays emanating from it with the letters JTL are usually the early years up to around the early1890's. Later ones have the words Virtuoso added and then a fancier Lyre and ones with a violin through the Lyre.

Jewel - Julius D. Horvath 

Joachim - by Roth and Lederer in Markneukirchen 1890

Joly, Louis - 1891 to 1910 - France, Mirecourt - JTL

Juzek, John - from very basic to high quality master made trade instruments. The firm started out as Czechoslovak Music Co - now Metropolitan Music, was founded in New York by Robert Juzek in 1920 (some instruments were predated as early as 1901). The name John was used - an anglicized version of Robert's brother Janek's name. Many of the instruments were made in a factory in Schonbach Germany and were also outsourced to the cottage industry makers in the Prague region and then exported to the US. The better ones are the Master Art models with the very best examples having the labels printed in red and black ink. However just having red on the label does not mean it is a fine quality Juzek, it just seems to mean that it was produced to some extent in their factory rather than from an outside vendor. The key to quality/value is never the label but the workmanship and wood selection. Many instruments have been up-labeled to signify a better quality than actual. The instruments may have been varnished in house for consistency.

Kessel, Anton - Breitenfeld Ge - for G, Foucher and Haynes and Co. London 1854-1902

Kirschlag
 
Klier, Wilhelm - 1990's to... - Trade name created by William Weaver of Weaver's Violin. They are German manufactured violins that were imported, then re-graduated and varnished inhouse. In the early 2000's, the name was sold to Eastman strings, where similar work is now performed although the origins of the white instruments is unknown by this author. They no longer have the varnish style that was applied by Mr. Weaver and witnessed by this author.  

Klotz, Johann

Knilling, Karl - name created by Bernard  Kornblum in the 1920's as a trade name for St. Louis Music, late 1960's to present - early instruments imported from Mittenwald Germany, modern instruments from Bucharest, Romania and China - 60's to early 80's instruments made for Knilling by Hofner, models 8,10,13, 30, 34 originally sold in the $35-95 range in the 70's - distributed by Saint Louis Music, St. Louis MO, USA                                                                                     

Knorr, Paul - Markneukirchen Ge. some made by him, many factory made

Kofler, Mathias

Koh-I-Noor - J.R.Holcom - 1901     

Kohler, Ernst & Son -1823 to 1920 - Scotland, Edinburgh.                                

Konzert-Geigen - 1895 - Thuringia, Gehren, Made by Morgenroth and Harris

Koschat -1895 to 1905, Germany

Krausker, E                                                                                              

Kreull, Robert                                                                                          

Kreusler, Ernst                                                                                         

Kreutser, Theodore                                                                            

Kriml, Jan

Kymato - 1850 to 1880 - Germany, Markneukirchen - Instruments made by Moritz Glaesel               

L’aine, Didier Nicolas -1850 to 1930 - France, Mirecourt - Name used by Laberte and Magnie

Lamberti, Carlo - Chinese - 1990

Lanari, Gennaro -1920 to 1950 - England, London - Name used by Charles John Wilkinson. Labelled as from Naples.

L'Art Belge  - 1928 - Belgium, Brussels - violin shop run by L. Frings.

Le Brun  - 1900 to 1930 - France, Paris - J.T.L.

Le Celebre Vosgien - 1900 to 1930 - Paris, Mirecourt Fr. 

Le Claude - Mirecourt Fr. - JTL 

Le Lorrain – 1900 to 1930 Mirecourt & Paris Fr. - J.T.L.

Le Parisien – 1855 to 1900 - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L.

Leclerc, Jacques - 1915 to 1925  Mirecourt Fr. - Laberte Magnie 

Leoni, Giovani - 1920's - German instrument imported by Sherman Clay and Co, 6 different models

Leroy, C. - 1920 - Mirecourt Fr. - trademark of Charles Bailly

Lidl, Joseph - Czechoslovakia - first factory in the country - different qualities 

Liebich, August - c.1900 - Markneukirchen Ge.- name most often connected with the Roth and Lederer instruments.

Loveri, Antonio - 1925 - Germany

Lowendall, Hermann

Lowendall, Louis (originally Lowenthal) - 1880 to 1920 - Dresden and Berlin Ge. - also worked in the US for a short time - vast majority of the instruments are commercially produced in his own factory, but he was also a violin maker.  Several grades of trade quality from ok to very decent. Some of the higher quality ones have the letter L in a laurel wreath branded on the button or back of scroll. Sometimes Dresden is branded bellow the button.  Sometimes branded Conservatory - Many importers                

Lupot  - 1855 to 1900 - Mirecourt Fr. -  J.T.L. - bows and Instruments 

L. Ludwig - Ge. - imported by Lyon and Healy and Sears - sold for $15-25 in 1915 

Luty, Don - 1968 to 1998 - England, Askern - Name used by Gerald Burke.

Maidstone, The - 1910 to 1920 - England, London - Instruments made by John G. Murdoch.

Mansuy (Mansue), Pierre  - Mirecourt Fr. - 1900 - J.T.L. - There was a Pierre Mansuy 1740 to 1786, but the name became a tradename in 1900,"Mansuy a Paris" 

Marcellin, A. - 1920 -  France, Mirecourt, - Tradename for good Mirecourt trades. "Lutherie Perfectionee"

Marcus, M. - 1920 - France, Mirecourt - tradename of Charles Bailly

Mariani, Vincenzi                                                                                    

Marquis de L’air - Mirecourt Fr. - name first used by Jean Baptiste LeMarquis until 1775, then by the Claudot family in instruments made by Thibouville Magnie, Laberte, Coueson Deblaye, Paul Mangenot and others until the late 1800's

Martello, Antonio - 1900 to 1910 - France, Paris - imported by Beare and Son, B & S L in a shield logo

Martinelli, Jean Baptiste - Markneukirchen Ge. - circa 1920 - trade name used in some Roth instruments they sold, possibly varnished in house for consistency. Probably made in the cottage industry surrounding Markneukirchen rather than in house. 

Mathieu, M. - 1920 - France, Mirecourt - tradename of Charles Bailly. Decent quality

Maurizi, Carolus - 1900 to 1925 - labeled Bologna Italy - Good German trade violins sold by Beare and Son, London

Medio Fino - 1880 to 1930 - Mirecourt and Paris Fr. - J.T.L. 

Meinel, Eugen - Markneukirchen Ge. - Ernst Heinrich Roth

Meinel, Oscar E. - Markneukirchen Ge. - Ernst Heinrich Roth

Meinel, Oscar C. - Markneukirchen Ge. - Ernst Heinrich Roth

Meinel and Harold - Markneukirchen/Klingenthal (Saxony) Ge. - 1895 to 1930

Messina  - 1990 to - England, Reigate - See:Stentor

Metzner, Josef

Meurot, Ludovicus - Mirecourt Fr. c. 1930 - Cousenon Bernardel workshop

Meyer, K                                                                                               

Micelli, Carlo - Karl Meisel - 1930 to 1950 - Germany, Klingenthal

Milano - New York USA - Carl Fisher -1928

Mirecourien, Le, - 1900 to 1910 - France, Mirecourt

Molineux, Pierre   -  Czechoslovak Musical Instrument Co. (Metropolitan Music) - 1930    

Morelli -  c. 1980-2000 - label reads "Morelli Violins by Italian Engineering XXXX" - These are most certainly made in China, the label text is just trying to trick the buyer into thinking it was of Italian origins.                                                 

Morelli, Andreas - Markneukirchen and Erlbach Ge. - 1920's - made in the workshops of Karl Herrmann - the closeness to the Czech border and the violin making hub of Luby (formerly Schönbach), may account for the similar varnish on some models. 

Namy, Claude  

Nemesianus, Le - 1920 - France, Mirecourt - JTL

Nebel, Hans - 1970's to... - Trade name created by William Weaver of Weaver's Violin. throughout the 20th Century. Similar to the Doetsch instruments, they were lesser grade German manufactured violins (mostly by Hofner), that were imported, then re-graduated and varnish in a green-brown color inhouse. In the early 2000's, the name was sold to Eastman strings where similar work is now performed although the origins of the white instruments is unknown by this author. They no longer have the thin Shellac varnish that was applied by Mr. Weaver and witnessed by this author.  

Neu-Cremona - 1904 to 1914 - Germany, Berlin - Company founded by Max Grossmann to make violins to his own specs. Quality fair to good. Continued by Otto Seifert.   

Neumann, Carl - 1920 to mid 30's - Mittenwald                

Neuner, J. F. - 1920  to 1930 - Dresden, Germany - used by Pfretzschner, Helmut Robert 

Nicolo, Pierre - 1920's - probably French (Paris) - for Beare and Son - Beare logo are the letters B&S L in a three leaf clover - very small words "veni vidi vici"

Oxford - 1983 to 2009 - England, Oxford, Tradename used by Gualtalla, Kearns, and Yakoushkin.

Paganini - 1920 - Name found on both Trade violins and bows made across Europe. Mostly cheap.                                   

Paganini - (bows) - usually of very poor quality. Some of the bows were made by Richard Oertel in Bad Brambach.  

Palatino - 1990 to present - China, Guangzhou City - Tradename for inexpensive student instruments made by Long March Violin Factory.

Paroche, Leon - France, Billancourt - Beare and Son London  1920

Parth, Frederich     

Pearl - 1957 to 1983 - China, Shanghai - supervised by Yuan, Zhu.

Penzl, Ignaz (Ignazio) - dated on label 1757 to 1789  in Bohemia, Schonbach or Italy - Penz, Penze, Benze, Ponze, Pence, and Ponzel are variations of this name - Good sound, bad varnish. Made by Joseph Pepin in Chicago - 1915-25

Petri  - Germany, Markneukirchen - Tradename of good bows produced by H. R. Pfretzschner

Petrosa  - 1900 to 1910 - Germany                                                     

Petri - Markneukirchen trade bows by H. R. Pfretzschner

Philamona - 1920 to 1930 - USA, New York, NY, Tradename used by Julius Horvath

Picino, Franciscus    

Pirandelli, Carlo     Pizaro, Nicolo (Pizarr) 

Pique, Leon -  1931 -  tradename for Buegeleisen and Jacobson

Pollman - several models - Conservatory, Star, Iron Cross, Crown, Pollmanini       

Pique de Paris - USA, New York 1926 - tradename for Buegeleisen and Jacobson
 
Prima  - 1990 to  - China, Guangzhou City - Tradename for Long March Violin Factory.

Primerius, Carl Ferdinand - 1900 to 1920 - Saxony Ge., Markneukirchen (dated in late 1700's

Professor - 1854 to 1905 - England, London - Tradename used by Haynes & Co.

Raggetti  - 2000 to - China - Modern Chinese student imports. Usually imported un-setup, and finished in the USA.

Rambeaux, J.E. - 1899 - France, Paris - No maker by this name is known to me. It was probably another of the many tradenames used by Lamy (JTL)

Rameau, J.S. - 1972 to 1985 - England, London - Bows made by Stephen E. Bristow (and others).

Rausch, Hans                                              

Reichert, Eduard - Dresden Ge. 1900 to1920 - sold by G A Pfretzschner, Markneukirchen Ge. - Distributed by M. E. Schoening of New York   

Renaldi, Giuseppe - 1995 to 2006 - China - Contemporary Chinese instruments made for export.

Renard, Jean - 1920 - France, Rennes - A ficticious name used by Beare & Sons (London) for fairly good Mirecourt trade imports.

Revalo - also see Ohlhaver - 1921 - Germany, Sande, Violins improved through 'spiritualistic' contact with Stradivari :)  

Richsound - 1983 to - USA, Houston, TX - Made by Guang-Le Chen's company in Texas.  

Revalo - Berlin Ge. - Heinrich Ohlhaver of Hamburg Ge. 1920

Robella, Enrico - Markneukirchen Ge. - Ernst Heinrich Roth - 1920's to 1930's - imported by Selmer

Robelli - Kark - Ge. - Hermann

Rosetti - Luby Czechoslovakia by Tatra - 1966 to 1995

Rossoni, Salvatore - Markneukirchen Ge. - 1920's - good quality trade instruments, labeled as made in Milan.  There is some evidence there was a real maker in Milan by that name and he had these instruments made in Germany for him. To an appraiser it is easy to tell the difference between a violin made in Germany or one made in Italy.

Roth and Lederer - Markneukirchen, Ge. - late 1800's to early 1900's - firm connected with the August Liebich labeled instruments.  Ernst Heinrich Roth collaborated with Max Lederer in his early years before he started the E H Roth firm in 1902 with his cousin Gustav August Ficker. (thanks to Randy Osborne. for tracking down the original registered trademarks and other information, and thus connecting some dots, this was also corroborated by the heirs of E H Roth as well as a Museum in Markneukirchen).

Roth, Ernst Heinrich I - Markneukirchen & Bubenreuth Ge. - 1902 to the 1930's - average to very high quality, the best being made by Roth, others by workers in his factory. 15 different models with the 120R as the lowest and the XVR the highest, these numbers do not appear on the labels, use the model name and date as the guide - hence a Guarneri 1734 is a IIR and thus on the lower end of the quality level. (comments after the models are taken from the 1924 book by R H Roth).  E H Roth II came to the US in 1921 and worked for some other firms.  In 1932, he established the Scherl and Roth firm with Max Scherl, they imported the E H Roth violins as well as others. In more recent years, the Roth brand has been distributed in the US by Glaesel and then Conn Selmer.  The quality from the 1920's has never been repeated IMHO.

  • 120R - Stradivari 1700 (made by Albert Roth)
  • 130R - Stradivari (varnished by E. H. Roth)
  • 140R - Amati (one piece backs and scrolls have blackened edges)
  • IR (305) - The Professional - Stradivari 1714
  • IIR (316) - The Soloist - Guarneri 1734
  • IIIR  - Amati 1670 (lacks volume but has other pleasant qualities)
  • IVR (306) - The Soloist - Stradivari 1718 (brown varnish)
  • VR - Ruggeri 1685 (ladies violin - slightly smaller)
  • VIR (314) - The Concertmaster - Guarneri 1732
  • VIIR (304) - The Concertmaster - Stradivari 1724 (the VIIR and the VIIIR are reversed in the 1924 catalog, my models are as listed in the 1964 catalog) 
  • VIIIR - The Stradivarius - Stradivari 1722 (varnish style deviated from the Strad)
  • IXR - The Guarnerius - Guarneri 1736
  • XR - Stradivari 1725
  • XIR - (custom made and signed by E. H. Roth in both Strad and Guarneri models)
  • XVR - the finest made in various models - very rare                                                                  Some additional Roth Label information observed and from trusted sources, it hasn't always been fully to these statements, so have it looked at in person and specifically with Roth's, the Roth firm in Germany will authenticate:                                Very Early Roth's sold under the Simson & Frey Virtuoso label                                    No serial #'s prior to 1925, in 1925 serial numbers were 3 or 4 digit with no letter         Before 1953, serial number was only on the label                                                        From 1954-59 the brand was a football shape                                                              Again in 53, serial numbers were 3 digits, then a star and three digits                          Late 50's letter than 4 digits                                                                                            In the early 70's, they started branding the upper block                                    Germanic style lettering started on the labels  in the 80's                                              In the 1980's a number was added after the letter, so E1= 1981                                    1990's - F2 =1992                                                                                                          2000's - G2 = 2002 

Rovelli, Gasparo - 1950 to 1978 - England, Sutton Coldfield - One of several tradenames used by Harry Dobbs.

Ruffini, A. - 1800 - Italy, Naples - Name in violins sold by A. Colls. A. Ruffini was the manager of the firm. Not known if he actually made any violins.

Ruggerio - name used in cheap factory violins from France and Germany

Ruggierlli -1854 to 1902 - England, London - for Haynes & Co

S. C. & C - see Clay, Sherman and Co    

Salteri, Thomas - 1926 to 1931 - labeled Italy, Modena - Tradename used by Bohuslav Sixta. Made in Bohemia/Czechoslovakia.

Salvatore, A. - 1928 - France, Paris - JTL                       

Salzard - Mirecourt  Fr. - J.T.L.

Sampo  - Markneukirchen Ge. - Lippold Hammig 1926

Sandner, A. R. Sandner, A. R. -  Czechoslovak Musical Instrument Co. (Metropolitan Music) - 1930 

Sanspariel - J. R. Holcomb - 1901 

Sanzo, Nicolo                                                                               

Sarasate Bows - 1910 to 1920 - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L - stamped Sarasate Maitre or Sarasate Virtuoso                                                                          

Sarasate Violins - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L. - 5 models (Eleve, Maitre, Artiste, Professional and Virtuoso)

Sarfati, Geraldo - 1940 - France, Mirecourt

Scherl & Roth - 1932 to - USA, Cleveland, OH, A large producer of student and higher-grade violins, started by Heinrich Roth and Max Scherl. Not to be confused with the instruments made by E. H. Roth.

Schlosser, Hermann - 1960 - London England - for Haynes and Co. - cheap bows stamped with this name of a real violin maker from the early 1900's

Schmidt, Alban O. - Markneukirchen Ge. (Saxony) - circa 1900 - often brown amber in color, average wood - trained under  father, Ernst Reinhold Schmidt - importer of E.R. Schmidt instruments - started firm in Cleveland 1910

Schmidt, E. R. - Markneukirchen Ge - 1910 to 1920's -  nice quality trade instruments, some labeled as "Schmidt Standard" - Artist and Solo models reportedly made by Schmidt.

Schmidt, Oscar Richard - brother of Alban - importer of E.R. Schmidt instruments - started firm with brother in Cleveland in 1910 

Schmidt, Chris A.                                                                                  

Schonewald - London - 1910

Schroetter, Anton - Mittenwald Ge. - 1950's-70's import for Lewis and then the name was sold to Paesold.  

Schultz, Petrus - 

Schuster, Albert - Czechoslovak Musical Instrument Co. (Metropolitan Music) - 1930 

Schuster, Hans - Mittenwald (?) Ge. - 1950 to .... - medium to low quality - labeled Mittenwald, but generally the makers in Mittenwald are small mom and pop shops rather than the factories in Markneukirchen or Bubenreuth.                           

Schweitzer, J.B. -  this was an actual maker in Budapest (early to mid 1800's) but his name was used in many thousands of trade instrument that were made in Markneukirchen and Czechoslovakia circa 1880 to 1900. Often with a green-brown varnish and fake cracks as well as a fake neck graft.  A good number of these fakes have fake repair labels from Joseph A. Channot and Wilhelm Fredel.

Sebastien - 1875 to 1905 - France, Mirecourt -  Lesser quality commercial bows made by Charles Nicolas Bazin.   

Seidel, Oscar Hermann - Markneukirchen Ge. - 1920 - Ernst Heinrich Roth

Simon - 1990 to - Australia, Sydney - A line of student violins sold by Simon Brown in Australia. (Also a tradename in France after P. Simon)

SIR - (Stohr-Illner-Riedl) - 1980's to ? - three German makers in Beubenreuth run this workshop, several grades of cello's - the lower the number, the lower the grade, look for a Roman numeral on the label... II, III, IV...very good workshop instruments.

Sofia - 1990 to - USA, Indianapolis, IN - European handmade instruments distributed in the US.

Soloist, The - German, Bohemia, French - Several US firms imported these (J.R.Holcomb in Cleveland, Hyde's American Violins - circa 1885-1910)

Sovereign - 1897 to 1920 - USA, Detroit, MI - Tradename used by Willard Bryant

Stainer, Jacobus - 1870 to 1930 - often made in the  Markneukirchen-Klingenthal region in Saxony German from many sources although there was a real maker with that name from the 1600's. There are many thousands of copies and are all of low value. Typical obvious issues are real Stainer's never stamped STAINER on the outside of the back of the instrument by the neck. Original labels were hand written in script rather than pre-printed in block printing. The necks are not grafted so that makes them post 1840 or so. Often times these instruments will cost more to repair than they are worth. 

Standard - Conn - 1927 

Steinmann -  1920's - probably French - for Beare and Son - Beare logo are the letters B&S L in a three leaf clover - very small words "veni vidi vici"

Stentnor - 1860 to 1865 - France, Mirecourt - tradename originally used by Nicolas Vuillaume. Now seen in poor trades.

Stentor - (1) - 1900 to 1930 - Paris France - JTL - name originally used by Vuillaume - branded with the name on the scroll.  J.T.L. (2) 1990 to - England, Reigate - Tradename for cheap Chinese imports. Sometimes named: Messina, Elysia, or Arcadia - Some made by Scott Cao.

Storioni, Carlo - 1885 to 1908 - Germany, Dresden - Good trade violins. Labelled as from Cremona, probably made by Carl Hofmann.

Stradivari - 1800 to modern - French, German, Czech and other places - millions of copies - see label page for more information.  Values run from near nothing to several thousand.

Stradella - 1854 to 1902 - England, London - for Haynes & Co.

Student - Conn - 1927

Tambovsky, Nikolai - China - 1990 to ? - This violin maker???? in Florida has imported hundreds if not thousands of instruments and labeled them with his name/shop. I have yet to see any legitimate evaluation of one that attributes it to the actual person.  All the research I have done shows appraisals/certificates of authenticity from him or an instrument being sold through his shop or another shop run by him. However, I have yet to see one of "his" instruments in person, although I have seen a number of these imports. I typically don't list too many modern shop labels, but this one seems to be necessary.

Tartini - Markneukirchen Ge. - Schuster Brothers 1900 to 1927  

Techler bows - Markneukirchen Ge. - C.A. Reichel stamped Techler - low quality

Techler, Heinrich -  1915 to 1920's - Prague Cz., possibly Germany or Vienna Austria - imported by J.W. Pepper in Philadelphia PA.

Teller, Artur - Bubenrueth/Erlangen Germany - 1920's to 1970's - 3rd or 4th generation bowed instrument bridge maker - Workshop instruments of decent quality - lower model numbers are lower grades. 

Teller, Roman - Bubenreuth/Erlangen Germany -  1920's to 70's - father in law and teacher of Rudolph Bruchner who would eventually take over the business. Workshop instruments of high quality. Orange red varnish, all I have seen have had an Ebony crown on the button. Lower model numbers are lower grades. 100, 200, ....500 series and MA - Master Art. The Juzek family says that during the 50's, Teller made some of their Master Art models.  

Thiery - Mirecourt Fr. - J.T.L. - 1900 to 1930 - France, Paris

Tim-Geigen - Mittenwald Ge. - 1918 - made for Vienna Aus. firm of same name

Timtone - Baltimore Maryland USA. - 1927 - six models - made for Markstein 

Torelli, Antonio - 1900 - France, Mirecourt, "Lutherie Artistique". Fair French trade fiddles.

Tourte bows - many firms in Germany and France used this brand stamp including J.T.L

True-Tone - 1916 - Australia, Brisbane - for William James Farrell.

Ulbrich-Tatter  - 1905 to 1910 - USA, Chicago, IL - Guarneri f-holes, multi-piece top, large bassbar

Vanderveken, F - 1910 - Belgium, Brussels - Violins made by Laurent, Emile

Vareni, Pietro - 1910 to 1950, - French or German trade violins sold by Williams in Toronto, Goldings Music, and others.

Verini, Andreas - 1872 to 1890 - England, London - Do not confuse with Andrea Verini. This name was used by Alphonse Cary in Mirecourt trade instruments.

Victoire - 1910 - Schiltigheim Ge. - name used by Franz Tausend

Victor, The - 1890 

Vilmaster - 1990 to - China, Guangzhou City - Tradename for student instruments made by Long March Violin Factory.

Virtuoso(e) - 1900, 1930, France, Mirecourt, Made at Thibouville-Lamy factory - also by Conn

Vittrini, Antonio

Voigt, Alban - 1890 - Marchneukirchen Ge. - labeled Alban Voigt & Co. Sachsen & London - there is a large number of Voigt violin makers from the Saxony region, none known to be named Alban, so these instruments based on their appearance are most likely trade instruments. They all seem to use one piece slab cut backs and they are probably all pre 1891 since they all say Sachsen.  

Voigt, Arnold - 1930 -  tradename for Buegeleisen and Jacobson                        

Vorgian - 1854 to 1902 - England, London - for Haynes & Co.

Vosgien, Le Celebre - 1920 - France, Mirecourt - Tradename used by Thibouville-Lamy. Fair fiddles, inked/scratched on purfling.

Vuillaume, Gustave - Mirecourt Fr.

Vuillaume - Fr. - 1880 to 1940 - these low grade instruments are labeled Vuillaume a Paris, Rue Croix des Petits Champs 46 - usually a light color but others also. - Ge./Cz. - circa 1900 to 1920 - often branded on back by button, either "VUILLAUME" or "VUILLAUME a PARIS" in two lines and often a triangle brand with a bird with the words "TRADE MARK NIGHTINGALE"  - J. B Vuillaume of course was a real maker who's actual instruments are worth much, much more, he Never branded his name on the outside..

Wagner, Leopold                                                                                         

Walliostro - 1905 to 1925 - London England - French and German bows stamped as such -made for Wallis & Co.

Warszowa Rok - 1936 to 1939 - Poland, Warsaw - Name used by Karolkowski, Antoni

Washburn, George - 1885 to 1912 - USA, Chicago, IL -  name used by Lyon & Healy

Weber, Wilhelm  

Werner, Gustav - Czechoslovak Musical Instrument Co. (Metropolitan Music) - 1930 

Wilhelmj - 1900 - Germany - Good trade bows in Tubbs style. A violin stamped "WILHELMJ" on the back has also been seen 

Windisch, Otto - Schoneck Germany - 1886 to 1903 - The company was taken over by his son, Paul Windt. Often just labeled with Stradivari facsimile labels but with a logo of a OW with the O topped with a crown making the O look like a pocket watch.  Some of the better ones were also branded on the button with the same logo.   Many qualities of workmanship and materials.              

Wonder Violin - 1912 to 1924 - USA, Elkhart, IN - for C. G. Conn 

Wunderle, Adolphe                                                                            

Wunderlich, Otto -  Czechoslovak Musical Instrument Co. (Metropolitan Music) - 1930 

Wunderlich, C. A. - 1854 to 1960 - Germany, Siebenbrunn - Quality trade instruments, made by various makers                                                                    

Wurtz, Jacob  

Yuehe - 2000 to - China, Fuzhou - Tradename used by Nien-Zu Wang                   

Zanti, Guiseppi                                                                                                   

Zapf, Alfred  

Zeller, Andreas - 2000 to Romania, Bucharest

Zeroti, Giuseppe Hermanos - Saxony Ge. circa 1920 - "Grand Concert" - decent quality 

Zimmermann, Julius Heinrich - St. Petersburg Ru. 1876 to 1908 -   Markneukirchen 1908 to 1912 -  brand H J Z in a heart

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Morelli (tradename), Andreas, 1900, 1920, Germany, Markneukirchen, Not Italian, despite label, but good violins. Made by Karl Herrmann. Auction price for a 19-- cello (1992)

Moro (tradename), Vito, 1883, 1883, Italy, Naples, Mass-produced student instruments

Mustang (tradename), -, 1926, 1930, Germany, Markneukirchen, Name stamped on bows by Leopold Pfretzschner.

Morelli (tradename), Andreas, 1900, 1920, Germany, Markneukirchen, Not Italian, despite label, but good violins. Made by Karl Herrmann. Auction price for a 19-- cello (1992)

Moro (tradename), Vito, 1883, 1883, Italy, Naples, Mass-produced student instruments

Mustang (tradename), -, 1926, 1930, Germany, Markneukirchen, Name stamped on bows by Leopold Pfretzschner.

Morelli (tradename), Andreas, 1900, 1920, Germany, Markneukirchen, Not Italian, despite label, but good violins. Made by Karl Herrmann. Auction price for a 19-- cello (1992)

Moro (tradename), Vito, 1883, 1883, Italy, Naples, Mass-produced student instruments

Mustang (tradename), -, 1926, 1930, Germany, Markneukirchen, Name stamped on bows by Leopold Pfretzschner.

Morelli (tradename), Andreas, 1900, 1920, Germany, Markneukirchen, Not Italian, despite label, but good violins. Made by Karl Herrmann. Auction price for a 19-- cello (1992)

Moro (tradename), Vito, 1883, 1883, Italy, Naples, Mass-produced student instruments

Mustang (tradename), -, 1926, 1930, Germany, Markneukirchen, Name stamped on bows by Leopold Pfretzschner.